Protected Area Environments – Airflow, Comfort and Habitability
About the Book
The iconic Masai Mara National Reserve in Kenya and the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve in South India have been revisited by the authors in this book. This book’s discourse delineates step-by-step, the process of quantifying comfort levels of lions and tigers within these protected areas. It is seen that the Predicted Mean Vote values -measures of thermal comfort- exceed comfortable ranges. This calls for a detailed exploration on sustainable development in protected areas. Four diverse chapters illustrate how modern tools in Computational Fluid Dynamics are used along with standard ecological methods to ascertain the extent of airflow, levels of hydration and land-use pattern changes affecting the prevailing micro-climate.
The intimate relationship between man and animal and its portrayal in Tamil and Masai literature and other art forms have been discussed and placed in context with stunning photo-graphical renditions of topography, flora and fauna. This adds a new dimension to the book – protected areas call for dialogues at many levels -technical, social and above all, aesthetic. The book, with its lush coffee-table appeal, should be compulsive reading for all animal lovers, environmental scientists and landscape architects worldwide.
CHAPTER 1: Ventilation and Aeration in Game Reserves
- 1 The Microclimate
1.1.1 Natural Landscaping of Game Reserves
1.1.2 Boundary Layer Characteristics
1.2 Meteorological Analysis of Mudumalai and Masai Mara
1.3 Anthropogenic Imprint – Development, Industrial activity and Tourism Impact on Air Quality
1.4 Sensitivity and Comfort levels of Tigers in Mudumalai
1.4.1 Analysis of Extant Microclimates Using Computational Fluid Dynamics
1.4.2 Mathematical Interpretation of Thermal Comfort
1.4.3 Calculation of PMV for the Tigers in Masinagudi
CHAPTER 2: Despair, Hope and Glory – The Mudumalai Story
2.1 Mudumalai as a Hotspot of Biodiversity
2.2 Terrain, Vegetation and Hydration
2.3 Human Dimensions of Wildlife – Conflict and Resolution
2.3.2 Redeeming Features of Mudumalai
CHAPTER 3: Masai Mara – Nature’s Own Sculpture Park
3.1 Kenya, Africa and the World
3.2 Approaching the Savannah
3.3 High-end Tourism
3.4 Airflow and Hydration
3.5 Sustainable Practices in the Masai Mara
CHAPTER 4: Humanity’s Dialogue with Animals
4.2 Beliefs and Customs
About the Authors
Dr. Satyajit Ghosh is currently Senior Professor at the School of Mechanical Engineering, VIT University, Vellore, India. He is also Associate Member of the School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, United Kingdom. Previously, he has worked on fluid flows in environmental systems at the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom. He also teaches and researches on the generic themes of energy efficiency in the built environment. His papers have been published by the Royal Society of Great Britain and other leading journals from all across the world. CNN International, the BBC and Indian media have also covered his research. His research group in VIT has worked on numerous innovative applications such as the development of rain simulators for rain-starved regions of India and adjustable agricultural sprays to minimize spray drift. He was given the prestigious Atmospheric Science Letters Editor’s Award by the Royal Meteorological Society in 2012. He and his students also developed a unique cyclone alerting system – this was picked by the international media. Dr. Ghosh was on the Plenary Session of an international conference organised by the SAARC Cultural Centre, Colombo, Sri Lanka in 2014, where he presented an architectural rendering of the ancient Ratnagiri Monastery in Odisha, India.
Dhruv’s interest in nature and wildlife started at a young age, through exposure to wildlife in National Parks and Tiger Reserves across India. In addition, he has gained insight into projects at the Madras Crocodile Bank Trust in Tamil Nadu and at the Agumbe Reptile Research Station in Karnataka, under the guidance of renowned conservationist Gerry Martin. During his UG study in VIT he was guided by Prof. Satyajit Ghosh. His research has always been interdisciplinary, incorporating foundational principles in ecology through mathematical interpretations. He graduated from the School of Geography and the Environment at the University of Oxford, UK, where he worked on governmental and policy-based issues pertaining to India’s cattle-complex, human-wildlife conflict and urban ecologies as a geographer.
Siddhartha Mukherjee is currently a PhD student at the Department of Chemical Engineering in Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands, where he works on transport phenomena and computational fluid dynamics. An alumnus of VIT University, Vellore, he traces back the roots of his research interest in fluid mechanics to during his Bachelors education in Mechanical Engineering. Also an avid photographer with a passion for art, his first serious step in the direction of academic research was with a synthetic project combining architectural aesthetics in the Indus valley civilization with mechanical engineering, where he studied the energy efficiency of these ancient building forms in light of modern-day engineering driven sustainable building design, under the guidance of Prof. Satyajit Ghosh. This research helped him secure a fully funded admission to TU Delft for a Masters in Mechanical Engineering. His outlook is to strike a harmony between science and art, for the two he believes are equally important and relevant to life and society. He also enjoys Classical music and plays the guitar and piano.
Both, Siddhartha and Dhruv have been mentored by Prof. Satyajit Ghosh. This book has been compiled as part of Dhruv’s final year project work at VIT University, Vellore.