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Demographic Challenges In India

Author :

Suresh Sharma



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About the Book

In India, demographic transition is taking place at a rapid pace whereby a large share of the population is occupied by the youth and the years to come will usher transformation that neither experience nor history has equipped us for. Therefore, it becomes imperative to focus on the demographic challenges that India has to combat within next few years rather than the coming decades. In this regard, the role of the government and the citizens of the country emerge strongly.

India is facing major issues in the provision of basic necessities and providing a minimum standard of living to its growing population. All major problems faced in India like poverty, gender inequality, malnutrition and other social and cultural conflicts are linked with population either directly or indirectly. The contributions in this book capture different aspects of the demographic challenges and draw lessons from state and national level experiences on issues including population stabilization, infant and maternal health, education and gender equality and migration.

I hope, Policy makers, researchers and readers will find this book useful in engaging further in policy research on the demographic challenges faced by India and this will add valuable information to the various attributes of the population of India.


  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Population Problem: Myths and Realities
  • 3. Have Population Policies been Fair to Women?
  • 4. Challenges in Achieving Replacement Level Fertility in India By 2020
  • 5. Demographic Challenge: Investing in Women
  • 6. Demographic Dividend- Connecting the Axes of Social Inclusion
  • 7. Demand for Contraception In EAG States of India: Family Planning Strategies To Meet Unmet Need
  • 8. India’s Population Growth– Issues, Challenges and Future Trajectory
  • 9. Estimates of Infant and Child Mortality in India: A Comparison Between SRS and NFHS
  • 10. Migration and Trafficking of Women From Tribal Areas of Madhya Pradesh
  • 11. A Methodology for investment in Maternal and Child Health under limited resources: The Need, Demand and Supply Matrix
  • 12. Contraceptive Discontinuation and Unintended Childbearing in India
  • 13. Women’s Menopausal Health: Exploratory Factor Analysis of Symptom Severity Experience and Perceptions
  • 14. Role of School Education in Addressing Demographic Challenges and Population Related Issues
  • 15. Sources of Financing out of Pocket Health Care Expenditure in India: A State Level Analysis
  • 16. Maternal Health Post-Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram- A Study of EAG States

About the Editor

Dr. Suresh Sharma is an Associate Professor and Acting Head at Population Research Centre, Institute of Economic Growth (IEG), Delhi. An expert in the areas of demography and statistics, he has 21 years of rich research experience in field of population and health. His areas of specialization include reproductive and child health, family planning, adolescent, nutrition, education and population studies. He has published numerous articles in national and international journals on population and health issues and has five books to his credit. He has coordinated several projects for the World Resources Institute (WRI) Washington, World Bank (WB), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the National Commission for Population (NCP) and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India. Presently, he is working on monitoring and evaluation of National Health Mission state programme implementation plans in selected high focus districts of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Delhi. He is the vice-president and executive member of the Indian Association for the Study of Population (IASP).

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