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Architecture of Ancient Tamil Nadu : The Kallanai Dam Story

Author :

Satyajit Ghosh and Manu Jaiswal



Cover :


Pages :

112 (Full Four Color)

Year :


Size :

8.75” X 8.75"

Price :


Subject :

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About the Book

The Grand Anaicut at Kallanai, true to its name, significantly recapitulates the magnificent history of the Chola Empire. The intricate system of water-ways amply portrays their mastery, articulating their sagacity as architects and builders par excellence. Although the structure’s fabric was simple, it has stood robustly on pervious soil for two millennia, often enduring the wrath and fury of the Cauvery. The versatility of architectural modeling has not only relived this exemplar specimen of engineering, but also helped examine and unravel the way it has influenced Tamil Nadu’s civillisational discourse sustainably through time.


A Historical Prelude

Chola Art and Architecture

Kallanai–The Grand Anaicut: A beacon of ancient structural engineering

Quatinah Barrage / Lake Homs Dam, Syria

Proserpina Dam, Spain

Cornalvo Dam, Spain

Kallanai Dam / Grand Anaicut, India

Sayamaike Dam, Japan

Tonnur Kere / Moti Talab Dam, India

Kebar Dam, Iran

Almansa Dam, Spain

The Kollidam (Coleroon) Side Water Regulators

3D Model of The Cauvery regulators–Present Day Design

The Cauvery Regulators

Spillway Design and Dam Sectioning

The Vennar Regulators

3D Model of The Vennar Regulators–Present Day Design

3D Model of The Kollidam Side Water Regulators–Present Day Design

The Grand Anaicut Canal System

Structural Nuances and Modernisation

The Grand Anaicut–A Architectural Reconstruction

The Grand Anaicut–A Hydrological Model

Particle Study–Cauvery Regulators

Particle Study–Vennar Regulators

Particle Study–Original Dam Structure

2D ANSYS k-epsilon Model Simulations

First Frequency Calculation

Natural Frequency of Original Dam Structure




About the Authors

Dr. Satyajit Ghosh is currently a Senior Professor at the School of Mechanical Engineering, VIT University, Vellore, India. He is also an Associate member of the School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, United Kingdom. Previously, he has worked on fluid flows in environmental systems at the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom. He also teaches and researches on the generic theme of energy efficiency in the built environment. His papers have been published by the Royal Society of Great Britain and other leading journals from all across the world. CNN International, the BBC and Indian media have also covered his research. His research group in VIT has worked on numerous innovative applications such as the development of rain simulators for rain starved regions of India and adjustable agricultural sprays to minimize spray drift. He was given the prestigious Atmospheric Science Letters Editor’s Award by the Royal Meteorological Society in 2012. He and his students also developed a unique cyclone alerting system – this was picked up by the International media. Dr. Ghosh was on the Plenary Session of an international conference organized by the SAARC Cultural Centre, Colombo, Sri Lanka in 2014, where he presented an architectural rendering of the ancient Ratnagiri Monastry in Odisha, India.

Manu Jaiswal, an alumnus of VIT University, is presently working at Schneider Electric. He completed his undergraduate studies in Mechanical Engineering from VIT University. During the course of his studies Manu has served as the President of the Vellore chapter of oikos-International, an international organisation working for sustainable economics. He has been an integral part of Uddeshya and served as the Chairman of the Vellore chapter as well as the Director of Peer Educator Trainings in the Uddeshya India national executive committee. Previously, he has worked under the aegis of Professor Ghosh on a project aimed at designing a sustainable habitation for humans to live on Mars. The paper was presented at the Eighth International Conference on Mars (2014), organized at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA by NASA and JPL. The paper was later published in ‘Intelligent Buildings International’, a peer reviewed journal published by the Taylor and Francis group.

Manu has been mentored by Professor Ghosh – this book has been compiled as a part of his final year Project work in VIT.

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